На что необходимо обратить внимание при выборе строительной компании?

Автор: Родин Александр — ведущий специалист сметного отдела

В связи с многообразием строительной продукции каждый объект строительства имеет свои особенности, и он, в определенной мере, уникален. Ведь даже объект, строящийся по типовому проекту, имеет свои особенности, так как он привязан к определенной местности. Из этого и вытекают все решения, принимаемые по данному объекту: размер дома, сложность конструкции, выбор материалов отделки, тип изоляции, утепление объекта. Все это и влияет на конечную стоимость дома.

Мы не будем говорить о цифрах, а разберем основные моменты, на которые необходимо обратить внимание при обращении в строительную компанию.

  1. Выбор фундамента

Ответ на вопрос о том, какой выбрать фундамент, зависит от следующих факторов: геология и перепады на участке. В зависимости от них и будет складываться цена на фундамент, распределяясь в следующем порядке, от самого дешевого:

  • винтовые сваи;
  • ленточный фундамент;
  • ленточно — свайный фундамент;
  • плита по песку;
  • утепленная шведская плита;
  • цокольный этаж.
  1. Стеновой комплект и кровля

Немного по-другому обстоят дела со стеновым комплектом и кровлей. Как правило, при сравнении стоимости основной упор делают на площадь помещения, но есть и другие важные моменты, на которые необходимо обратить внимание.

Стоимость стенового комплекта часто указывается с минимальной высотой, и после проведения комплекса отделочных работ, высота потолков будет некомфортной для дальнейшей эксплуатации строения. Поэтому, данные нюансы подлежат к обсуждению с архитектором на этапе проектирования, а не после постройки, когда потолок будет давить на Вас.

  1. Особенность строительных материалов

Каждый строительный материал имеет свои особенности: как во время самого процесса застройки, так и после его окончания. И данные особенности необходимо обязательно знать и учитывать в процессе работы.

К примеру, всем известно, что деревянные дома дают усадку. Грамотные специалисты учитывают это, закладывая все необходимые расчеты еще на этапе проектирования. К сожалению, не все компании акцентируют на этом внимание. Например, строение из материала, обладающего естественной влажностью, имеет усадку 6 — 8%. И если не учесть данный факт, то в итоге высота этажа будет на 15-20 см ниже проектируемой.

Очень часто на начальном этапе специалисты не рассчитывают внутренние перегородки. В стоимость уже заложены столбы для сборки стенового комплекта и монтажа перекрытий, что значительно уменьшает начальную стоимость строения. Но на этапе чистовой отделки перегородки обязательно нужно будет сделать, и часто их стоимость получается намного больше, если бы они были сделаны на первом этапе.

  1. Стоимость кровли

Стоимость кровли зависит от вида самой кровли. Существует несколько разновидностей кровли: двускатная, когда название говорит само за себя; вальмовая, сложная — с дополнением различных элементов.

Цена на кровлю складывается из стоимости строительно — монтажных работ, количества добавочных элементов и финишного покрытия.

Основные составляющие любого вида кровли

  • Материал стропильной конструкции: пиломатериал естественной влажности, сухой строганный, клеёные балки и т.д.;
  • Толщина утепления, которая зависит от климатической зоны. Так, для постоянного проживания самая оптимальная толщина составляет 200 мм;
  • Финишное покрытие. Это может быть металлочерепица, мягкая кровля, цементно-песчаное покрытие, керамическое покрытие и т.д.

На различных сайтах строительные компании очень часто не включают в стоимость кровли:

  • подшив карнизной и лобовой доски, т.е. элементы, закрывающие стропильную конструкцию на внешней части строения;
  • систему снегозадержания;
  • водосточную систему.

Все это в итоге оказывает значительное влияние на стоимость кровли в целом.

  1. Что обязательно нужно учитывать, обращаясь в строительную компанию?

Попробуйте дать всем компаниям одинаковые технические задания с характеристиками, которые Вам необходимы. В итоге Вы получите детализированную смету от разных компаний и сможете сравнить цены на работы, выбрав для себя наиболее выгодные.

Обязательно изучите отзывы о компаниях в интернете, посетите специализированные площадки, форумы. Пообщайтесь со знакомыми, коллегами, кто недавно также работал со строительными компаниями. Так Вы сможете собрать полную информацию о компаниях и сделаете правильный выбор, обезопасив себя от работы с непрофессионалами.

Далее Вам необходимо связаться со специалистом той компании, которую выбрали, подробно обсудить все моменты, утвердить смету и сроки проекта. Помните, что строительство дома — это серьезное и ответственное мероприятие, и Вы должны быть абсолютно уверены в высоком качестве услуг той компании, которую Вы выберете.

 

 

 

 

 

 

           

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